Hamadan, one of the oldest settlements in the world, originally known as Ecbatana, being the capital of the Median kingdom in the 6th century B.C. The tombs of Esther and Mordecai are located in Hamadan. Both geometric and curvilinear designs are produced in this region. Medallion design, boteh’s and herati patterns are used extensively. The weave is usually coarse to medium but some small amounts are produced in high quality. Though usually coarsely woven, these rugs are respected for their durability because of the good-quality wool used in the pile. The majority of hamadans are woven in small sizes. The larger sizes are usually more expensive due to their scarcity.